Fall Colors - Where Do They Come From?
Classic Fall Colors
Fall or autumn colors are generally inspired by the phenomenon that affects the green leaves of many trees and shrubs by which they take on shades of yellow, orange, red, purple, and brown. The phenomenon is commonly called fall colors, fall foliage, or simply foliage.
A color palette needs pigments, and there are three types that are involved in autumn color:
- Carotenoids: Produces yellow, orange, and brown colors in such things as corn, carrots, and daffodils, as well as rutabagas, buttercups, and bananas.
- Anthocyanin: Gives color to such familiar things as cranberries, red apples, concord grapes, blueberries, cherries, strawberries, and plums. They are water soluble and appear in the watery liquid of leaf cells.
- Chlorophyll: Gives leaves a basic green color. It is necessary for photosynthesis, the chemical reaction that enables plants to use sunlight to manufacture sugars for food.
Fall Gemstones We Recommend:
Red / Oranges: Carnelian, Red Jasper, Red Tiger Eye, Garnet
Purples: Amethyst, Chaorite, Sugilite
Yellows: Citrine, Yellow Opal, Heliodor, Lemon Quartz, Tiger Eye
Browns: Smoky Quartz, Andalusite, Boulder Opal
Greens: Tourmaline, Peridot, Jade, Green Aventurine